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“What is Indonesia Haze Crisis?

A Story:

Not long ago my Professor who is Malaysian told me a story. He said In the late 1970s this crop Palm Oil was introduced in South East Asia. For Malaysian farmers government announced a scheme for those who plant palm oil will be given 1 acre of land free. This was the time when the boom of Palm oil started. farmers, landowners everyone put their part in it & Became top palm Oil Producer. But soon after another country named Indonesia took over and still is the top Plam Oil producer in the world.

How They Achieve It?

Well, they just grew OilPalm,  Forests after forests cut down burnt down to ashes to clear the land for palm oil. While in all of this the world realized something is wrong and they vouched for Sustainable Practices for Plam Oil. RSPO with many other groups of Big & small NGOs come together. They started a campaign involving big and small producers to be part of it and are pretty much off the mark. But Indonesia is a big country with a huge population.

 

Haze Explained Simply:

The Haze crisis started in 2015, when Malaysia & Singapore become the victims of Sumartarn man-made fires, to clear the land for Plam Oil by burning vegetation and forest cover. There were a lot of heated debates back then, Countries NGOs all come together to make sure this won’t happen in the future. But it’s solid money and greed added by no or zero Environmental Awareness. Burning is fast quick the land is cleared within no time and no money spent. So farmers landowners in Indonesia do it in Sumatra and Kalimantan. They just set ablaze the vegetation & forest on such a scale that, the haze spread across to Malaysia & Singapore.

A picture was taken from our Mobile phone with no editing. if you see closely you see clouds, while on the road you can see tree Shadows which means there is sunlight but not bright or full. this is Haze while the clouds are not clear or dense. The sun is out but the haze is making it dim.

 

Explaining Through Satellite Images:

We captured some live satellite images to understand the situation much better following are the pictures.

 

Image 1:

This image taken from google shows the hotspots of the haze and the hub points where the fire has created massive haze.

 

Image 2:

This image shows the Aerosol quality in the air,  the live image shows the same hotspots and the wind direction as well. An Aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in the air or another gas. Aerosols can be natural or anthropogenic. Examples of natural aerosols are fog, dust, forest exudates, and geyser steam. Examples of anthropogenic aerosols are haze, particulate air pollutants, and smoke.

 

Image 3:

This image shows the wind direction. So this makes it clear with the live satellite images that the haze does find its way towards neighboring countries. Malaysia and Singapore Suffer from this haze almost every year in the same season. While the El Nino effects make it stronger, which happens after 3-5 years.

 

 

Understanding El Nino Effect:

An El Niño is an impermanent change in the climate of the Pacific sea, in the area around the equator. You can see its belongings in both the sea and air, for the most part in Northern Hemisphere winter. In spite of the fact that those might appear little contrasts, it, in any case, can effectively affect the world’s climate. when there is warmer winter in East pacific which is the West of North & South Americas, the wind reverses the coming summer season soon after the warm winters.

El Niño is a climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean with a worldwide effect on climate designs:

The cycle starts when warm water in the western tropical Pacific Ocean moves eastbound along the equator toward the shoreline of South America. Ordinarily, these warm water pools close to Indonesia and the Philippines. During an El Niño, the Pacific’s hottest surface waters sit seaward of northwestern South America, which is eastern Pacific.

 

This phenomenon happens every 3-5 years this happened last in 2015 and now happening again in 2019. The haze crisis first surfaced in 2015. In 2019 they are more impactful than in previous years. Scientists say that the reason for El Nino are still unknown while this can be one of the reason. Because after all, we know that the reason is somehow related to Climate Change.

 

Haze Explained Scientifically:

Seen from a far distance (for example a moving toward plane) and relying upon the course of view concerning the Sun, haze may seem earthy or pale blue, while fog will, in general, be somewhat blue dark. While haze regularly is thought of as a wonder of dry air, fog development is a marvel of moist air. Be that as it may, haze particles may go about as buildup cores for the consequent arrangement of fog beads; such types of haze are known as “wet haze.”

Furthur Defined:

In meteorological writing, the word haze is commonly used to indicate permeability lessening aerosols of the wet kind. Such aerosols normally emerge from complex compound responses that happen as sulfur dioxide gases discharged during ignition are changed over into little beads of sulfuric corrosive. The responses are improved within the sight of daylight, high relative stickiness, and dormant wind stream.

 

What’s Happening In Indonesia Scientifically:

Biomass burning is the burning of living and dead vegetation. It incorporates the human-started burning of vegetation for land clearing and land-use change just as characteristic, lightning-incited fires. Researchers gauge that people are in charge of about 90% of biomass burning with just a little level of characteristic flames adding to the aggregate sum of vegetation consumed.

Effects of These Fires:
Burning vegetation discharges a lot of particulates (strong carbon ignition particles) and gases, including ozone harming substances that help warm the Earth. Ozone-depleting substances may prompt an expanded warming of the Earth or human-started worldwide climate change. Studies propose that biomass burning has expanded on a worldwide scale in the course of the most recent 100 years, and estimations show that a more sizzling Earth coming about because of a dangerous atmospheric deviation will prompt progressively successive and bigger flames. Biomass burning particulates sway climate and can likewise influence human wellbeing when they are breathed in, causing respiratory issues.
Conclusion:
As we have seen this phenomenon for the past several years and this year it is severe than in previous years. We have to draw a line here that where are we heading. All these satellite images, climate change effects are in front of our eyes. Still, if we don’t want to take action to stop this practice then there is no hope. Every year we will see more of it and it will affect our environment more and more. There is a time to act & there is a time to react. We believe we have passed the time to act and it’s now time to react. We hope with all of this noise made around the internet, authorities will listen and people will realize. they want sustainable businesses, Susutaiunbale Palm Oil or they want to burn every inch of land for their greed.
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